Sinus infections occur when you collect “an insect” and a virus, bacteria or fungal deposits in the sinuses and cause inflammation of the area that delineates the sinuses. The sinus cavity, which is like a dark cave, fills with moisture and blocks. People with nose allergies already have this sinus irritation.
Symptoms that persist after about four weeks may mean you have subacute or chronic sinusitis. If you develop other types of symptoms, such as severe swelling of the eyes, or just not sure what to do next, call your provider. Some people continue to have chronic sinusitis despite antibiotic therapy and symptom relief medications. Those who have a CT scan indicative of a sinus infection and any complications of the sinus may benefit from sinus surgery.
If you are prescribed an antibiotic, take it until it is gone, even if you feel better. Always take an antibiotic exactly as prescribed by your doctor, otherwise the infection may not disappear completely. Other conditions with sinusoidal symptoms can be allergies, toothaches and colds or other upper respiratory infections. But if you have a cold or get worse after 7 days, you may get a sinus infection instead of a cold or other upper respiratory infection. Migraine headache or tension headache can cause symptoms of sinus pain or pressure.
Medical therapy must include both a broad spectrum antibiotic and a local intranasal steroid to address the strong inflammatory component of this disease. These include amoxicillin clavulanate, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefuroxime, gatifloxacin, moxifloxacin and levofloxacin. Currently used topical intranasal steroids, such as fluticasone, mometasone, budesonide and triamcinolone, have a favorable safety profile and indications for the pediatric age group.
Avoid exposure to allergens or irritants, such as tobacco smoke. Eat a healthy diet full of antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables. Get your annual flu shot and wash your hands all day long to avoid germs. When you get sick, consider decongestant sprays to shrink the nose wall and qarmaritin müalicəsi sinuses and drink plenty of fluid to keep the mucus moving. The most common cause of acute sinusitis is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Viral infection can cause inflammation of the sinuses, which usually disappears without treatment within less than 14 days.
Chronic cough described as worse at night or waking up in the morning is also a widely described symptom of chronic sinusitis. Clinical evidence of chronic sinusitis can be subtle and less overt than in acute sinusitis unless the patient has an acute worsening of sinusitis. Your risk of sinusitis increases if you have recently had a cold, other viral or bacterial infection or upper respiratory infection. If you continue to have sinus infections, your doctor will order tests or procedures to find out why. A culture can be taken in the office or during endoscopic surgery, which can reveal anaerobes, a type of bacteria. Treatment for this type of bacterial or fungal sinus infection is treated with broad spectrum antibiotics.
Sinus infections can also be due to other problems, such as nasal polyps, tumors or diseases that hinder normal mucous flow. Treating these underlying causes can prevent recurrent sinus infections. Antibiotic therapy for chronic sinusitis is controversial and may be more appropriate for acute worsening of chronic sinusitis.