Hypertension is the world’s leading preventable risk factor for premature death. Hypertension is also a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia. Other complications include hypertensive retinopathy and hypertensive nephropathy.
It is discussed whether this pattern is typical of all people who eventually develop hypertension. The increase in peripheral resistance in established hypertension is mainly due to structural narrowing of small arteries and arterioles, although a reduction in the number or density of capillaries may also contribute. A single higher blood pressure reading doesn’t always mean you have a problem.
If hypertension is high enough to warrant immediate use of medications, lifestyle changes are still recommended along with medication. The initial evaluation of hypertensive people should include a complete history and physical examination. Serum creatinine is measured to assess the presence of kidney disease, hoge bloeddruk verlagen which may be the cause or effect of hypertension. EGFR may also provide an initial measurement of renal function that can be used to monitor the side effects of certain antihypertensive drugs on renal function. In addition, the urine sample test for protein is used as a secondary indicator of kidney disease.
Beta-blockers are often combined with other blood pressure medications. A visit to your doctor is the only way to find out if you have high blood pressure. You must have a general medical checkup that includes an assessment of your family’s medical history.
When the heart is relaxed, the arteries remain at a lower resting tone to maintain some pressure in the artery. Over time, this workload leads to damage to the walls of the arteries. As plaque builds up, the inside of your arteries narrows, which not only leads to higher blood pressure, but it also means the beginning of a cycle that will further damage your heart and the rest of your body. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major health problem that is common in older adults. Your body’s network of blood vessels, known as the vascular system, changes with age. This may even be true for people who have heart-healthy habits and feel good.
Hypertension can also be caused by tumors or other abnormalities that cause the adrenal glands to secrete excessive amounts of hormones that raise blood pressure. Birth control pills, particularly those containing estrogen, and pregnancy can raise blood pressure, as can medications that constrict blood vessels. If diet, exercise, and other lifestyle changes don’t work to lower your blood pressure, your healthcare provider will prescribe medication to lower your blood pressure. Your healthcare provider will consider other conditions you may have, such as heart or kidney disease and other medicines you use when prescribing medicines to treat your high blood pressure.
If you have low blood pressure, you may feel dizzy, weak, dizzy, or even faint. It can be caused by not getting enough fluids, blood loss, some medical conditions or medications, including those prescribed for high blood pressure. In some cases, pregnant people with hypertension may develop preeclampsia during their pregnancy.